The Seal of Confession - UPDATED
The Seal of Confession
This article was originally published last year. It is being re-released because of an attempt by the state of California to violate our right to freedom of religion.
For more information on this development, see the article in the Trenton Monitor at
Continue to pray for our nation and our return as a people to a faith in Jesus Christ!
In a new development of what may become an vigorously-pursued issue by several governments, the
Australian government is deciding whether Catholic priests should be required to report when someone has confessed child sexual abuse during Confession
. Proponents say that such a move will help to bring pedophiles to justice. The
Australian Conference of Catholic Bishops has strongly opposed this measure
as a forced violation of Church sacred doctrine and as a measure particularly aimed at the Catholic Church, since predator priests are likely to reveal this crime in Confession. If the Australia approves and enforces this law, it is
quite possible that many priests will go to jail for contempt of court
when they refuse to abide by it and will become more widespread if other governments attempt to follow this course of action.
What exactly is the "Seal of Confession", how does it differ from professional-client confidentiality and why is it important to Catholics?
Amen, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven
). With these words, Jesus conferred on the Apostles his ministry for the sacrament of Confession/Penance/Reconciliation (all essentially synonymous words for the same Sacrament of Healing). And, since the Apostles did not live on this earth forever, it was passed down through Apostolic succession to its ministers today: bishops and the priests under their authority. By making this connection between Heaven and such action taken by men on earth, Jesus gave this act a unique and sacred character; one that cannot be violated by anyone,
the minister of the sacrament acting in the person of Christ (
in personae Christi
This is called the Catholic doctrine of the
Seal of Confession
. It binds,
, every bishop and priest as part of the promises they make during ordination. The Code of Canon Law (
) is also very specific in saying that there is absolutely no exception to putting aside this promise:
The sacramental seal is inviolable; therefore it is absolutely forbidden for a confessor to betray in any way a penitent in words or in any manner and for any reason.
A confessor is prohibited completely from using knowledge acquired from confession to the detriment of the penitent even when any danger of revelation is excluded. A person who has been placed in authority cannot use in any manner for external governance the knowledge about sins which he has received in confession at any time. (
CIC 983, 984
What is quite remarkable is how canon 983 is stated in Latin when it uses the word "inviolable": the word
, which is translated "absolutely forbidden", actually has no direct translation in English. It refers to something that is so wickedly sinful that is simply impossible to do it! It is considered part of the sacramental grace conferred by the sacrament of Holy Orders that provides the supernatural ability to keep this promise.
However, if a priest were to consider such a drastic step, there is extreme punishment for doing so:
A confessor who directly violates the sacramental seal incurs a
reserved to the Apostolic See; one who does so only indirectly is to be punished according to the gravity of the delict. (
excommunication means that the cleric incurs the excommunication at the moment he commits the crime (as opposed to an excommunication which is imposed by a Church authority after it is investigated - a
). This means that, not only is the offending cleric immediately barred from
the sacraments, he is immediately excluded from
the sacraments - including Confession - until the excommunication is lifted! Not only that, unlike many other excommunications, which can be rescinded by the diocesan Bishop (or even by a priest in cases such as sins of directly procuring an abortion), it must be referred to and investigated by the Apostolic See - the Vatican - in order for the cleric can be considered for return to the celebration and reception of the sacraments! It is one of the harshest remedial measurements (not merely meant to be a punishment but one that requires repentance and healing) that can be carried out by the Church; how fortunate (for most of us) that it can be incurred
by bishops and priests!
Why does the Church levy such a harsh punishment on any potential violators of the Seal of Confession? The answer is quite simple: not only does the above Scripture reveal how this intimacy is directly meant to be an exclusively "God-to-soul" moment, it is also the only way that sinners (that's all of us) can have the unconditional trust that what is spoken of and absolved in Confession is
revealed elsewhere - a requirement that weak and wounded humans need in order to confidently approach Jesus for this vital healing. Does this mean that offenders - sexual and otherwise - are freed from the consequences of their actions? No. Although a confessor is solemnly required to never directly reveal the sin, he is also to encourage the person, if the sin involves crime, to come forward and be willing make restitution. Also, if the penitent is obviously not repentant of their sin (in other words, has
no firm purpose of amendment
), the confessor is obliged to withhold absolution until the person can demonstrate such resolve (this doesn't mean that they will
do a particular sin again, it means that, at the moment of confession, they will make every effort to avail themselves of God's grace when resisting any future occasion of that sin.)
Continue to pray for our Church and the spiritual attacks that occur, both from without and through the weakness of members within. Pray in this time of trial for the faithful of God that we do not - as people and nations pursue the true and good search for justice - lose the gift of God's grace through the sacrament of Confession, which Christ has left to His Church for our salvation.
God removes the sin of the one who makes humble confession, and thereby the devil loses the sovereignty he had gained over the human heart.
St. Bernard, O.Cist, Abbot and Doctor of the Church
Our FORMED Recommendation for the Week
Video (21 minutes) -
Confession: The Forgotten Sacrament
Gifts from God
is two excellent documentary films, one on the papacy titled
Keys of the Kingdom: Understanding the Papacy
, and the other titled
Confession: The Forgotten Sacrament
. Both films feature expert priests and theologians presenting in-depth commentary on these two sublime spiritual gifts from God to humanity through the Church, revealing the powerful spiritual significance of the papacy and confession for Catholics. Featured priests and teachers in this film include
Fr. Thomas Crean
God is No Delusion
Fr. Timothy Finigan
Footprints of God
(Host of many EWTN series), and others. The compelling presentations of the teachers & priests in this film are interspersed with beautiful art work and inspiring graphics. These films will help Catholics, and others, to have better understanding and deeper appreciation for the gifts of the papacy and the sacrament of confession.
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Fr. Ed Blanchett
on Friday, July 5 at 3:00PM